North America, or North America, is made up of a group of countries – Canada, the United States, and Mexico – and island dependencies – Greenland, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon – that are among the most developed countries in the world. Therefore, the risk of contracting diseases is low. In these countries, many diseases common in countries with poor health and hygiene systems have already been eradicated.
However, not all diseases are transmitted by lack of hygiene or sanitary conditions, but also by the geographical characteristics of the terrain. It is possible that in swampy areas where the degree of humidity is higher or where there is a greater concentration of farm or wild animals, the insect community is greater. In addition, international health authorities recommend other vaccines, depending not only on the destination selected but also on the type of travel, since it is not the same to go to urban areas as to go on an adventure trip, where the risks of infection are higher.
Traveling can be a fun and motivating activity, but to avoid being a nightmare, it is best to find out about possible health deficiencies or local epidemics in the area. Going to the doctor’s office can be a great help in establishing whether vaccination or medication is needed.
Required vaccinations to go to the United States
To travel to North America from Spain there is no vaccination requirement for entry. Only for those travelers who have been visiting countries at risk of transmitting yellow fever and who will be required to have a valid vaccination certificate.
Recommended vaccines for the United States
Depending on the areas you want to visit there are recommendations to avoid the spread of some diseases. As a general rule, it is recommended to get vaccinated against diphtheria-tetanus, hepatitis B and hepatitis A. And for the groups at risk, add typhoid prophylaxis and rabies vaccination.
The health risk when a traveler wants to go to North America is very low, although there are still areas where special care must be taken. For example, dengue fever is an infection caused by an infected mosquito, which can still be found in areas such as Hawaii or Mexico. To prevent the transmission of this virus, as well as others, in addition to getting vaccinated in advance, the traveler can take a number of precautions such as: using mosquito repellent, wearing proper clothing and sleeping nets.
Precautions should be taken both for mosquitoes and for any insect – ticks, flies, fleas, bedbugs, … – that can transmit infections, especially in areas of high vegetation, rural or coastal areas.